publishing  and  graphic design lorem ipsum  is a  placeholder text  commonly used to demonstrate the visual form of a document without relying on meaningful content (also called  greeking ). Replacing the actual content with placeholder text allows designers to design the form of content before the content itself has been produced.

The lorem ipsum text is typically a scrambled section of  , a 1st-century BC Latin text by  Cicero , with words altered, added, and removed to make it nonsensical, improper  Latin .